What defines a civilization? How did the first states emerge? How were the world´s ancient states similar and different? Answer these and other dramatic questions with this grand 48-lecture course that reveals how human beings around the world transitioned from small farming communities to the impressive cultural and political systems that would alter the course of history. Taking a gripping archaeological and historical approach to formative states such as the ancient Egyptians, the Chinese, and the Maya, Professor MacEachern completes your understanding of the history of civilization by exploring it at its earliest stages. Unlike traditional surveys of ancient civilizations, which tend to focus only on the glorious achievements of these cultures, you´ll look at those first all-important steps that the world´s first civilizations would take on the road to glory. You´ll investigate places such as Mesopotamia, where agriculture laid the foundation for groundbreaking experiments in social and political development in places like Uruk and Sumer; the eastern Mediterranean, where expanding maritime trade during the Bronze Age increasingly knit the different societies of these islands into a web of political and economic relationships; and Mesoamerica, where the indigenous states in and around what are now Mexico, Honduras, and Nicaragua reveal the full flowering of Olmec and Maya civilization. You´ll also take an engaging look at what archaeologists have learned from some of the world´s oldest and most intriguing sites. In the end, these lectures will leave you awestruck at the diverse ways that ancient people crafted complex systems - systems whose broad strokes remain with us even today. PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying reference material will be available in your My Library section along with the audio. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Scott MacEachern. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/tcco/000221/bk_tcco_000221_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
From 1886 to 1903, passionate social reformer Charles Booth (1840-1916) conducted a landmark survey of the life and labour of the poor of London, which resulted in the finding that 35% of Londoners were living in abject poverty. This shocking statistic is brought to life by the hundreds of interviews with Londoners from all walks of life, from factory owners to trade unionists, from ministers to prostitutes. These unrestrained commentaries - recorded in over 450 notebooks - provide unparalleled detail on how Victorian Londoners lived, worked and felt. Displaying previously unpublished pages from these notebooks, Charles Booth´s London Poverty Maps provides access to these revelatory details, exposing a London not so different to our city today - packed with migrant communities from across the globe, bustling with traders and entertainers, and with those living in poverty often just a street away from those revelling in extraordinary wealth. Alongside the notebooks are printed the incredible final results of Booth´s survey: his meticulously colour-coded maps of London. Every street is marked with one of seven colours to indicate the level of poverty, ranging between the black ´semi-vicious´ class to the yellow ´well-to-do´ class. Readers can pore over the detail of these maps, and discover how the streets in which they now live, work and relax were once ranked. Interleaved between the geographically organized maps and notebook pages are six expert thematic essays that contextualize and elaborate the survey´s findings, and evocative period photographs that powerfully capture the life and labour of Londoners.
This book investigates the impact of information and communication technologies (ICTs) on development and well-being (beyond economic benefits) and highlights some emerging issues relating to the realities, constraints and digital divides with particular reference to India. It collects a series of novel contributions, studying the Indian experience in an international cross-country perspective. The book also discusses economic, social, and behavioural aspects of well-being as well as access to ICTs across regions, states and individuals to account for the digital divide. The book establishes an aggregate relationship between ICT exposure and well-being at the country level and addresses a number of fundamental issues, such as whether ICT raises the level of transparency and governance. Based on case studies and anecdotal evidence, it then further assesses the effective implementation of service delivery through ICT innovations. The book is divided into four parts: The introductory part surveys the literature and presents background information on the Indian case; introduces the main themes on the relationships between ICT, socio-economic development and digital divides; and provides a summary and roadmap to the chapters of the book. Part II focuses on the impact of ICT on economic performance, including economic growth, productivity and trade. Part III examines the extent of the digital divides in India, including international, regional as well as inter-personal inequality. Finally, Part IV investigates the impact of ICT on governance, users´ well-being and social outcomes. Combining insights from analyses of a variety of socio-economic dimensions related to digitalisation, this book is relevant for a wide range of scholars and researchers across disciplines, as well as practitioners and policy-makers. While the book has a main focus on India, various contributions take an international cross-country comparative perspective, and the results have general relevance for digitalisation and development. On the whole, the main message of this book is that the impact of ICTs is contingent upon other assets, capabilities and institutional conditions. National policies should, therefore, not only promote digitalization as such but also ensure its co-evolution and complementarity with a variety of other country-specific factors. Chapter ´Digitalisation and Development: Issues for India and Beyond´ of this book is available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com
Beneath our culture´s obsession with wealth and power, status and celebrity, millions of Americans are quietly engaged in a deeply religious struggle to free themselves from petty selfishness and to embrace a life of benevolence and compassion. Drawing on an extensive random survey of 1,200 men and women across the United States, Matthew Lee, Margaret Poloma, and Stephen Post here shed new light on how Americans wake up to the reality of divine love and how that transformative experience expresses itself in concrete acts of benevolence. The authors find that the vast majority of Americans (eight out of ten) report that they have felt God´s love increasing their compassion for others, one of many important revelations uncovered by the survey. In order to more fully flesh out the meaning of the survey´s results, the authors also conducted 120 in-depth interviews with Christian women and men from all walks of life and from across the country who are engaged in benevolent service. Their stories offer compelling examples of how receiving God´s love, loving God, and expressing this love to others has made a difference in the world and given their lives deeper significance. As a result, some provide community service, others strive for social justice, still others seek to redefine religion and the meaning of ´´church´´ in America. Interviewees who may have grown up with judgmental images of God tended to trade them in for a loving and accepting God more consistent with their own emotionally powerful personal experiences. PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying reference material will be available in your My Library section along with the audio. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Chris Kayser. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/adbl/015513/bk_adbl_015513_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.